- What is diethylstilbestrol used for in dogs?
- Is diethylstilbestrol still used today?
- What are the side effects of diethylstilbestrol?
- What causes T shaped uterus?
- What does Des stand for in medical terms?
- What drugs can I take to prevent miscarriage?
- Which isomer of diethylstilbestrol is more active?
- What is diethylstilbestrol used for today?
- Why is there concern about the use of diethylstilbestrol?
- Is Des safe for dogs?
- Is Stilbestrol safe for dogs?
- What does DES exposure in utero mean?
- When was Des banned in the US?
- What is Des syndrome?
- Does des affect grandchildren?
What is diethylstilbestrol used for in dogs?
Diethylstilbestrol (brand names: Apstil®, Boestrol®, Destibenol®, Distibene®, Honvol®, Stilbestrol®, also known as DES) is a hormonal agent and a synthetic estrogen used to treat urinary incontinence and other diseases responsive to estrogen..
Is diethylstilbestrol still used today?
Estrogens are still prescribed for some medical reasons, including to help treat some cancers, but they are no longer used during pregnancy. Other than in a rare clinical trial, DES is no longer available in the United States for use in humans.
What are the side effects of diethylstilbestrol?
Because of the potential toxic side-effects of estrogen use, it is always important to use the lowest effective dose for the shortest period of time. Other side-effects include signs of estrus, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, vaginal discharge, pyometra, polydipsia, polyuria, and feminization of male dogs.
What causes T shaped uterus?
Causes. The t-shaped malformation is commonly associated with in-utero exposure (the so-called “DES-daughters”) to DES, although it is also presented congenitally.
What does Des stand for in medical terms?
DiethylstilbestrolDES: Diethylstilbestrol, the earliest synthetic (man-made) form of a hormone in the estrogen class. Diethylstilbestrol was once widely prescribed to prevent miscarriages and premature births. Its usage was standard practice in the 1950s and 1960s.
What drugs can I take to prevent miscarriage?
It has been suggested that some women who miscarry may not make enough progesterone in the early part of pregnancy. Supplementing these women with medications that act like progesterone (these are called progestogens) has been suggested as a possible way to prevent recurrent miscarriage.
Which isomer of diethylstilbestrol is more active?
Since the trans isomer is believed to be considerably more active biologically because of its structural similarity with estradiol, it appears that the observed appreciable activity of the cis-DES test solution is a consequence of the isomerization in vivo to the trans isomer.
What is diethylstilbestrol used for today?
What is DES? Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic form of the female hormone estrogen. It was prescribed to pregnant women between 1940 and 1971 to prevent miscarriage, premature labor, and related complications of pregnancy (1).
Why is there concern about the use of diethylstilbestrol?
Women who were exposed to diethylstilbestrol in utero may have structural reproductive tract anomalies, an increased infertility rate, and poor pregnancy outcomes.
Is Des safe for dogs?
Hematopoietic toxicity is rarely seen in cats. Other adverse effects seen in dogs include alopecia, cystic ovaries, cystic endometrial hyperplasia, pyometra, prolonged estrus, and infertility. When used once weekly in spayed female dogs, adverse effects from DES are rare.
Is Stilbestrol safe for dogs?
DOGS: 1 mg per 10 kg / CATS: 0.5 mg per 5 kg; Given orally once daily for 1 week or until incontinence is resolved (no longer than 7 days), then gradually reduce dosage until lowest effective dose is attained for maintenance. CONTRA-INDICATIONS: Do not use in females with estrogen-sensitive neoplasms.
What does DES exposure in utero mean?
A large study of the daughters of women who had been given DES, the first synthetic form of estrogen, during pregnancy has found that exposure to the drug while in the womb (in utero) is associated with many reproductive problems and an increased risk of certain cancers and pre-cancerous conditions.
When was Des banned in the US?
Throughout 1971, researchers published more studies that linked DES to the development of irregularities in the glands of the daughters of DES users and, in November of 1971, the FDA banned the use of DES during pregnancy in the US.
What is Des syndrome?
Diethylstilbestrol syndrome (DES syndrome) refers to developmental or health problems caused by exposure to DES before birth (in utero), such as reproductive tract differences, infertility, and an increased risk for certain cancers .
Does des affect grandchildren?
Granddaughters. Currently there are no human studies that definitively show any adverse effects of DES for the third generation of females. A small cohort study of 28 DES granddaughters found no abnormalities in the lower genital tract and no cases of CCA.